Consider the sun, which is the focus of Psalm 19 (“In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,” Ps. 19:4). Modern science is gaining a massive amount of new information about the sun through space probes. In December 2021, NASA’s spaceship Parker actually flew through the Sun’s upper atmosphere, the corona, sampling particles and taking complex measurements. Though the research is largely interpreted through the lens of evolution, because of man’s rebellion to God, the scientific facts themselves refute evolution and point to intelligent design at an infinite level. The sun is a massive nuclear reactor that converts hydrogen into helium and provides heat, energy, and gravity for our solar system. It is nearly a perfect sphere that would hold about a million earths. Its surface temperature is about 5,500 degrees Celsius (10,000 degrees F), and the interior temperature is about 15 million degrees Celsius (27 million degrees F).
“It has a diameter of 864,000 miles, but it is all gas. Two billion billion billion tons of gas. Over every square inch of the core there presses down a crushing weight of a million million pounds of matter. The only thing that keeps the sun’s core from collapsing is energy, inconceivable floods of energy that raise the sun’s internal temperature to twenty-five million degrees Fahrenheit. Consuming 657 million tons of hydrogen each second, the sun can still go on burning for another fifty billion years” (John Phillips).
For life on earth, the sun is the right size, the right orbit, the right stability, and the right distance from the earth; it has the right amount of energy and gravity and magnetism; it is the right temperature; it emits the right type of radiation and visible light. “It produces 386 billion, billion megawatts of energy each second or 6.4 billion Horse Power (HP). However, of all that energy moving out into space, the earth captures only a small percentage of it (0.0000000462 of 1 percent). But this very tiny percentage, no more and no less, is ‘somehow’ exactly the right amount the earth needs to maintain the average temperatures that support all forms of life” (“The Young Sun,” creationstudies.org).
“[The sun] is actually an ideal size to support life on earth. There would be little point in having a red supergiant star like Betelgeuse, because it is so huge that it would engulf all the inner planets! Nor would we want a star like the blue-white supergiant Rigel, 25,000 times as bright as the sun, and emitting too much high-frequency radiation. Conversely, a star much smaller than our sun would be too faint to support life” (“The Sun: Our Special Star,” creation.com).
There is perfect harmony between the sun and the earth for the maintenance of life. “A related example of the unbelievable sun-earth harmony is the process of photosynthesis in green plants. Life on our planet depends on vegetation and the O2/CO2 cycle (animals breathe oxygen/plants ‘breathe’ carbon dioxide) for its existence. ‘Surprisingly,’ the sun contains the specific radiation wavelength needed to activate photosynthesis! The sun also provides the necessary amount of energy to evaporate water and keep the hydrological cycle operating, along with many other life cycles, so that resources that living organisms need are continually renewed. It has been said that the earth has the perfect surface to support life, but without the sun’s delicate interaction, it would be void and desolate. One can only logically conclude that the sun-earth relationship is the work of an amazingly wise and loving Creator” (“The Young Sun,” creationstudies.org).
Sir Isaac Newton, one of the preeminent scientists of all times, observed, “This most beautiful system of sun, planets, and comets could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful being.” Newton studied the Bible with as much zeal as he studied science, and he saw no conflict between the two.
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